Windhoek

Windhoek

Things to do - general

Windhoek is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Namibia. It is located in central Namibia in the Khomas Highland plateau area, at around 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level. The population of Windhoek in 2012 was 322,500 and grows continually due to an influx from all over Namibia.

The town developed at the site of a permanent spring known to the indigenous pastoral communities. It developed rapidly after Jonker Afrikaner, Captain of the Orlam settled here in 1840 and built a stone church for his community. However, in the decades thereafter multiple wars and hostilities led to the neglect and destruction of the new settlement such that Windhoek was founded a second time in 1890 by Imperial German army Major Curt von François.

Windhoek is the social, economic, political, and cultural centre of the country. Nearly every Namibian national enterprise, governmental body, educational and cultural institution is headquartered there.

Country Namibia

Culture and history info

Etymology The City of Windhoek is traditionally known by two names: ǀAiǁGams, (Khoekhoe: hot springs) and Otjomuise (Otjiherero: place of steam). Both traditional names reference the hot springs near today's city centre. Theories vary on how the place got its modern name of Windhoek. Most believe it is derived from the Afrikaans word Wind-Hoek (wind corner). Another theory suggests that Captain Jonker Afrikaner named Windhoek after the Winterhoek Mountains at Tulbagh in South Africa, where his ancestors had lived. The first mention of the name Windhoek occurred in a letter from Jonker Afrikaner to Joseph Tindall, dated 12 August 1844. Pre-colonial Around 1840, Jonker Afrikaner established a settlement at Windhoek. He and his followers stayed near one of the main hot springs, located in the present-day Klein Windhoek suburb. He built a stone church that held 500 people, which was also used as a school. Two Rhenish missionaries, Carl Hugo Hahn and Franz Heinrich Kleinschmidt, started working there in late 1842 and were two years later driven out by two Wesleyans, Richard Haddy and Joseph Tindall. Gardens were laid out and for a while Windhoek prospered, but wars between the Nama and Herero eventually destroyed the settlement. After a long absence, Hahn visited Windhoek again in 1873 and was dismayed to see that nothing remained of the town's former prosperity. In June 1885, a Swiss botanist found only jackals and starving guinea fowl amongst neglected fruit trees. Colonial era Windhoek at the end of the 19th century Stamps for German South West Africa postmarked Windhuk Sanderburg, one of the three castles of Windhoek In 1878, Britain annexed Walvis Bay and incorporated it into the Cape of Good Hope in 1884, but Britain did not extend its influence into the hinterland. A request by merchants from Lüderitzbucht resulted in the declaration of a German protectorate over German South-West Africa in 1884. The German colony came into being with the determination of its borders in 1890 and Germany sent a protective corps, called the Schutztruppe under Major Curt von François, to maintain order. Von François stationed his garrison at Windhoek, which was strategically situated as a buffer between the Nama and Herero, while the twelve strong springs provided water for the cultivation of food. Present-day Windhoek was founded on 18 October 1890, when Von François fixed the foundation stone of the fort, which is now known as the Alte Feste (Old Fortress). After 1907, development accelerated as people migrated from the countryside to the city. There was also a larger influx of European settlers arriving from Germany and South Africa. Businesses were erected on Kaiser Street (presently Independence Avenue), and along the dominant mountain ridge over the city. At this time, Windhoek's three castles, Heinitzburg, Sanderburg, and Schwerinsburg, were built. South African administration after World War I The German colonial era came to an end during World War I when South African troops occupied Windhoek in May 1915 on behalf of the British Empire. For the next five years, a military government administered South West Africa. Development of the city of Windhoek and the nation later to be known as Namibia came to a virtual standstill. After World War II, Windhoek's development gradually gained momentum, as more capital became available to improve the area's economic climate. After 1955, large public projects were undertaken, such as the building of new schools and hospitals, tarring of the city's roads (a project begun in 1928 with Kaiser Street), and the building of dams and pipelines to finally stabilise the water supply. It also introduced the World's first potable re-use plant in 1958, treating recycled sewage and sending it directly into the town's water supply. Since Namibian independence With Namibia's independence from South African administration in 1990, Windhoek was recognised as the capital city of South-West Africa as administered by the South African government. It continues to be the capital city of the Republic of Namibia, as well as the provincial capital of the central Khomas Region. Since then the city experienced accelerated growth and development.Culture and history image
Hotel Heinitzburg

Hotel Heinitzburg

, Windhoek
Price per night from N$ 2,203
Namibia – the land of gems and surprises. . . Hotel Heinitzburg – the brightest jewel in the l More info
Hotel Thule

Hotel Thule

, Windhoek
Price per night from N$ 1,423
Hotel Thule is a mythical place where the real and the imaginary meet at the top of a mountain, acco More info
Windhoek Country Club Resort

Windhoek Country Club Resort

, Windhoek
Price per night from N$ 2,356
A pure gem of Namibian luxury accommodation. Developed as a resort within the city, the Windhoek Cou More info

Unfortunately there are no self-catering offers at this location at the moment.

Unfortunately there are no tour offers at this location at the moment.

Unfortunately there are no cruise offers at this location at the moment.

Hyundai IX35 2x4 or Similar

Hyundai IX35 2x4 or Similar

Price per day N$ 1,157
Car typeSpeciality/SUV
Max people4
Door count5
Minimum driver age21
TransmissionManual
Air-conditioned?Yes
Unlimited mileage?Yes
Toyota Corolla Sedan or Similar

Toyota Corolla Sedan or Similar

Price per day N$ 596
Car typeSedan
Max people4
Door count4
Minimum driver age21
TransmissionManual
Air-conditioned?Yes
Unlimited mileage?Yes
Toyota Fortuner 4x4 or similar

Toyota Fortuner 4x4 or similar

Price per day N$ 1,452
Car typeSpeciality/SUV
Max people7
Door count5
Minimum driver age21
TransmissionManual
Air-conditioned?Yes
Unlimited mileage?Yes
Toyota Hilux 4x4 Double Cab or Similar

Toyota Hilux 4x4 Double Cab or Similar

Price per day N$ 1,416
Car typeSpeciality/ Leisure 4x4’s
Max people4
Door count4
Minimum driver age21
TransmissionManual
Air-conditioned?Yes
Unlimited mileage?Yes
VW Polo Vivo or Similar

VW Polo Vivo or Similar

Price per day N$ 484
Car typeEconomy
Max people4
Door count4
Minimum driver age21
TransmissionManual
Air-conditioned?Yes
Unlimited mileage?Yes
Vw T5 Kombi or Similar

Vw T5 Kombi or Similar

Price per day N$ 1,726
Car typeSpeciality/ Leisure 4x4’s
Max people8
Door count4/5
Minimum driver age21
TransmissionManual
Air-conditioned?Yes
Unlimited mileage?Yes